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Broccoli is essentially ready multivitamin they contain vitamins A, Bi, B2, PP, C, E, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium. According to the chemical composition, it is a leader not only among species of cabbage, but also among other vegetables. For example, the number of protein is superior asparagus broccoli, spinach, sweet corn, sweet potatoes. On the content of most of the essential amino acids in a protein is not inferior to the beef, and by the presence of lysine, isoleucine and tryptophan - egg white. The structure of the protein are also included broccoli antisclerotic agents (methionine, choline), which prevent the accumulation of cholesterol in the body, why broccoli is considered true remedy against premature aging
Broccoli for its development requires a small amount of heat (16-25 ° C). Resistant to low temperatures, withstand freezing down to minus 7-10 ° C.
Morphological features and requirements for growing conditions. Broccoli - a vegetable cabbage family cultivated in the Annual or biennial culture. This is a transitional form of leaf to cauliflower.
Broccoli plants reach a height of 70-100 cm or more. Stem (stump) ends inflorescence. The leaves are quite large, with petioles, the edges of the wavy-curved, usually entire. Leaf blade lyrate characteristic form with whitish-green veins covered with bloom.
The root system penetrates to a depth of 40-50 cm, but the bulk of the roots at the depth of 20-25 cm, so you can not handle the deep rows.
The flowers are large flowers of broccoli cabbage and cauliflower. Fruit - a pod. The seeds are somewhat smaller than the cauliflower, dark-brown or brown-black, attached to the wall.
Grocery body broccoli, like cauliflower, is the head, which is an inflorescence in the form of a bundle of flower buds from the stem. Heads are formed from immature and very twisted buds, closed green sepals. Compared with cauliflower broccoli florets coloring more varied: green, bluish, purple and white. Broccoli has a high remontant ability: after removal of terminal (central) buds in the axils of the leaves appear proliferous head, which increases productivity by 100-150%.
After harvesting, the plants remain green long-mi, juicy, they can be used as a forage crop.